Monday Exercise 2.1: Explore condor_q

The goal of this exercise is try out some of the most common options to the condor_q command, so that you can view jobs effectively.

The main part of this exercise should take just a few minutes, but if you have more time later, come back and work on the extension ideas at the end to become a condor_q expert!

Selecting Jobs

The condor_q program has many options for selecting which jobs are listed. You have already seen that the default mode (as of version 8.5) is to show only your jobs in "batch" mode:

%UCL_PROMPT_SHORT% <strong>condor_q</strong>

You've seen that you can view all jobs (all users) in the submit node's queue by using the -all argument:

%UCL_PROMPT_SHORT% <strong>condor_q -all</strong>

And you've seen that you can view more details about queued jobs, with each separate job on a single line using the -nobatch option:

%UCL_PROMPT_SHORT% <strong>condor_q -nobatch</strong>
%UCL_PROMPT_SHORT% <strong>condor_q -all -nobatch</strong>

Did you know you can also name one or more user IDs on the command line, in which case jobs for all of the named users are listed at once?

%UCL_PROMPT_SHORT% <strong>condor_q <em><i>username1 username2 username3</i></em></strong>

There are two other, simple selection criteria that you can use. To list just the jobs associated with a single cluster number:

%UCL_PROMPT_SHORT% <strong>condor_q <em><i>CLUSTER</i></em></strong>

For example, if you want to see the jobs in cluster 5678 (i.e., 5678.0, 5678.1, etc.), you use condor_q 5678.

To list a specific job (i.e., cluster.process, as in 5678.0):

%UCL_PROMPT_SHORT% <strong>condor_q <em><i>JOB_ID</i></em></strong>

For example, to see job ID 5678.1, you use condor_q 5678.1.

Note: You can name more than one cluster, job ID, or combination thereof on the command line, in which case jobs for all of the named clusters and/or job IDs are listed.

Let’s get some practice using condor_q selections!

  1. Using a previous exercise, submit several sleep jobs
  2. List all jobs in the queue — are there others besides your own?
  3. Practice using all forms of condor_q that you have learned:
    • List just your jobs, with and without batching
    • List a specific cluster
    • List a specific job ID
    • Try listing several users at once
    • Try listing several clusters and job IDs at once
  4. When there are a variety of jobs in the queue, try combining a user ID and a different user's cluster or job ID in the same command — what happens?

Viewing a Job ClassAd

You may have wondered why it is useful to be able to list a single job ID using condor_q. By itself, it may not be that useful. But, in combination with another option, it is very useful!

If you add the -long option to condor_q (or its short form, -l), it will show the complete ClassAd for each selected job, instead of the one-line summary that you have seen so far. Because job ClassAds may have 80–90 attributes (or more), it probably makes the most sense to show the ClassAd for a single job at a time. And you know how to show just one job! Here is what the command looks like:

%UCL_PROMPT_SHORT% <strong>condor_q -long <em>job-id</em></strong>

The output from this command is long and complex. Most of the attributes that HTCondor adds to a job are arcane and uninteresting for us now. But here are some examples of common, interesting attributes taken directly from condor_q output (except with some line breaks added to the Requirements attribute):

MyType = "Job"
Err = "sleep.err"
UserLog = "/home/cat/1-monday-2.1-queue/sleep.log"
JobUniverse = 5
Requirements = ( IsOSGSchoolSlot =?= true ) &&
        ( TARGET.Arch == "X86_64" ) &&
        ( TARGET.OpSys == "LINUX" ) &&
        ( TARGET.Disk >= RequestDisk ) &&
        ( TARGET.Memory >= RequestMemory ) &&
        ( TARGET.HasFileTransfer )
ClusterId = 2420
WhenToTransferOutput = "ON_EXIT"
Owner = "cat"
CondorVersion = "$CondorVersion: 8.5.5 May 03 2016 BuildID: 366162 $"
Out = "sleep.out"
Cmd = "/bin/sleep"
Arguments = "120"

Note: Attributes are listed in no particular order and may change from time to time. Do not assume anything about the order of attributes in condor_q output.

See what you can find in a job ClassAd from your own job.

  1. Using a previous exercise, submit a sleep job
  2. Before the job executes, capture its ClassAd and save to a file:\
     condor_q -l job-id > classad-1.txt
  3. After the job starts execution but before it finishes, capture its ClassAd again and save to a file:\
     condor_q -l job-id > classad-2.txt

Now examine each saved ClassAd file. Here are a few things to look for:

Why Is My Job Not Running?

Sometimes, you submit a job and it just sits in the queue in Idle state, never running. It can be difficult to figure out why a job never matches and runs. Fortunately, HTCondor can give you some help.

To ask HTCondor why you job is not running, add the -better-analyze option to condor_q for the specific job. For example, for job ID 2423.0, the command is:

%UCL_PROMPT_SHORT% <strong>condor_q -better-analyze <em>2423.0</em></strong>

Of course, replace the job ID with your own.

Let’s submit a job that will never run and see what happens. Here is the submit file to use:

universe = vanilla
executable = /bin/hostname
output = norun.out
error = norun.err
log = norun.log
should_transfer_files = YES
when_to_transfer_output = ON_EXIT
request_memory = 2TB

(Do you see what I did?)

  1. Save and submit this file
  2. Run condor_q -analyze on the job ID

There is a lot of output, but a few items are worth highlighting. Here is a sample from my own job (with many lines left out):

-- Submitter: : ....
2423.000:  Run analysis summary.  <em>Of 12388 machines,</em>
<em>   12388 are rejected by your job's requirements </em>
WARNING:  Be advised:
<em>   No resources matched request's constraints</em>

The Requirements expression for your job is:


    Condition                         Machines Matched    Suggestion
    ---------                         ----------------    ----------
<em>1   ( TARGET.Memory >= 2097152 )      0                   MODIFY TO 1000064</em>
2   ( ... )
3   ( TARGET.Arch == "X86_64" )       12388                
4   ( TARGET.OpSys == "LINUX" )       12386                
5   ( TARGET.Disk >= 20 )             12387                
6   ( TARGET.HasFileTransfer )        12388                

Toward the top, condor_q said that it considered 12388 “machines” (really, slots) and all 12388 of them were rejected by my job’s requirements. In other words, I am asking for something that is not available. But what?

The real clue comes from the breakdown of the Requirements expression, at the end of the output. Note the highlighted line: My job asked for 2 terabytes of memory (2,097,152 MB) and no machines matched that part of the expression. Well, of course! 2 TB is a lot of memory on today’s machines. And finally, note the suggestion: If I reduce my memory request to 1,000,064 MB (about 1 TB), there will be at least one slot in the pool that will match that expression.

The output from condor_q -analyze (and condor_q -better-analyze) may be helpful or it may not be, depending on your exact case. The example above was constructed so that it would be obvious what the problem was. But in many cases, this is a good place to start looking if you are having problems matching.

Automatic Formatting Output (Optional)

There is a way to format output from condor_q with the -autoformat or -af option. In this case, HTCondor decides for you how to format the data you ask for from job ClassAd(s). (To tell HTCondor how to format this information, yourself, you could use the -format option, which we're not covering.)

To use autoformatting, use the -af option followed by the attribute name, for each attribute that you want to output:

%UCL_PROMPT_SHORT% <strong>condor_q -af Owner -af ClusterId -af Cmd</strong>
moate 2418 /share/
cat 2421 /bin/sleep
cat 2422 /bin/sleep

Note that the -af option saves some typing but provides less control over the formatting of the output.

Bonus Question: If you wanted to print out the Requirements expression of a job, how would you do that with -af? Is the output what you expected? (HINT: for ClassAd attributes like "Requirements" that are long expressions, instead of simple values, you can use -af:r to view the expressions, instead of what it's current evaluation.)


As suggested above, if you want to learn more about condor_q, you can do some reading: